Communicable Disease Control
Communicable Disease & Reportable Conditions
Wisconsin State Law requires the reporting of communicable diseases to the local Health Department. Report notifiable conditions to 414-423-2110. Communicable disease can be reported by individuals, laboratories, or health care professionals. The law requires that public health nurses provide surveillance and investigation to prevent and control the spread of disease. Requirements for the timing of reporting, once the disease or condition is recognized or suspected, vary by disease. General reporting requirements are described in Wisconsin Statute Chapter 252, Communicable Diseases. The specific reporting requirements are described in Chapter DHS 145, Control of Communicable Diseases. A list of reportable conditions is provided in Chapter DHS 145 - Appendix A.
Some reportable diseases include: hepatitis, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), Lyme disease, tuberculosis, food and waterborne outbreaks, and sexually transmitted infections. A Public Health Nurse will contact the individual, family and contacts to provide them with information and counseling about the disease. Public Health Nurses are available to answer questions that residents may have regarding a communicable disease. Fact sheets and pamphlets with information on specific diseases are also available on request.
The prevalence of communicable disease depends upon many environmental factors. For information on a specific communicable disease, please visit one of the following reputable websites: