Communicable Disease Control
Monkeypox is a rare but potentially serious disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is from the same family of viruses as the smallpox virus. Monkeypox virus is usually found in Central and West Africa and normally does not spread in the United States. However, occasional outbreaks of monkeypox can occur in the United States and are usually associated with U.S residents traveling to countries where monkeypox is common. People who had monkeypox experienced symptoms including fever, cough, rash, and swollen lymph nodes
On June 30, 2022, DHS identified the first case of confirmed orthopoxvirus presumed to be monkeypox in a Wisconsin resident. Learn more about the current outbreak.
People most at risk for monkeypox include:
- People who had close physical contact with a person who has monkeypox (such as household members or intimate partners).
- People who had close physical contact with a person who had a rash that looks like monkeypox.
- People who attended events or venues where monkeypox transmission has occurred.
DHS and CDC urge all Wisconsinites to take the following steps:
- Know the symptoms(link is external) and risk factors of monkeypox.
- Avoid skin-to-skin contact with individuals who are showing a rash or skin sores. Don’t touch the rash or scabs, and don’t kiss, hug, cuddle, have sex, or share items such as eating utensils or bedding with someone with monkeypox.
- In jurisdictions with known monkeypox spread, participating in activities with close, personal, skin-to-skin contact may pose a higher risk of exposure.
- If you were recently exposed to the virus, contact a doctor or nurse to talk about whether you need a vaccine to prevent disease. Monitor your health for fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes and new, unexplained rashes and contact a health care provider if one occurs. If you become ill, avoid contact with others until you receive health care.
Outbreaks in Wisconsin
- Ice Cream - Listeria Infections ANNOUNCED JULY 2022
- Meningococcal Disease in Florida, 2022 ANNOUNCED JUNE 2022
- Backyard Poultry – Salmonella Infections ANNOUNCED JUNE 2022
- Hepatitis of Unknown Cause in Children ANNOUNCED MAY 2022
- Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) ANNOUNCED JANUARY 2020
- Lung Injury Associated with E-cigarette Use or Vaping ANNOUNCED AUGUST 2019
- Raw Milk – Drug-resistant Brucella (RB51) ANNOUNCED FEBRUARY 2019
- Measles Outbreaks 2019 ANNOUNCED JANUARY 2019
- Outbreaks of hepatitis A in multiple states among people who are homeless and people who use drugs ANNOUNCED MARCH 2017
- U.S. Monkeypox Outbreak 2022 ANNOUNCED MAY 2022
- Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) ANNOUNCED JANUARY 2020
- 2018 Ebola Outbreak in Congo (DRC) ANNOUNCED MAY 2018
- 2017 Ebola Outbreak in Congo (DRC) ANNOUNCED MAY 2017
Updated 07/08/2022 Please see the Travelers’ Health site for a complete list.
Travel notices are designed to inform travelers and clinicians about current health issues related to specific international destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, and natural disasters that may affect travelers’ health.
For country-specific information about Safety and Security, visit the US Department of State Travel Advisories page.
For country-specific information about weather conditions, visit the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) International Weather Selector webpage.
For a list of all Zika virus travel notices by region, visit Zika travel information.
Types Travel of Notices
Warning Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel to this destination. High risk to travelers, no precaution available to protect against the identified increased risk.
Alert Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions for this destination. Travel Notice describes additional precautions added, or defines a specific at-risk population, to protect against this identified increased risk.
Watch Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions-Reminder to follow usual precautions for this destination, as described in the Travel Notice and/or on CDC’s Travelers’ Health website. Usual precautions, may include being up to date on all recommended vaccines and practicing appropriate mosquito avoidance. Usual precautions are best possible protection against the identified increased risk.Travel Notices Affecting International Travelers
Please see the Travelers’ Health site for a complete list.
Warning Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel
Alert Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions
- Updated Polio in AfricaJuly 06, 2022Everyone should be fully vaccinated against poliovirus according to schedule. Before travel to any high-risk destination, CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine.Read More >>
- Updated Polio in Asia and Eastern EuropeJuly 06, 2022Everyone should be fully vaccinated against poliovirus according to schedule. Before travel to any high-risk destination, CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine.Read More >>
- Monkeypox in Multiple CountriesJune 07, 2022Cases of monkeypox have been reported in many countries around the world.Read More >>
- Yellow Fever in NigeriaMay 04, 2022There is an outbreak of yellow fever in Nigeria. Travelers to Nigeria should take steps to prevent yellow fever by getting vaccinated at least 10 days before travel and taking steps to prevent mosquito bites.Read More >>
- Yellow Fever in GhanaDecember 14, 2021Since October 2021, there has been a yellow fever outbreak in Ghana with numerous cases, including some deaths, in the following regions: Savannah, Upper West, Bono, and Oti.Read More >>
Watch Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions
- Hajj in Saudi Arabia June 08, 2022The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is one of the world’s largest mass gatherings. In 2022, Hajj will take place between July 7-12.Read More >>
- Rabies in Haiti May 05, 2022Rabies in dogs is increasing in Haiti. To prevent rabies, travelers should avoid all contact with dogs and cats (including puppies and kittens) while in Haiti. Seek immediate medical attention for all animal bites or scratches.Read More >>
- Cholera in Cameroon May 03, 2022There is an outbreak of cholera in Cameroon's Centre, Littoral, South, Southwest, and North regions. To prevent cholera, travelers should follow safe food and water guidelines, and wash their hands.Read More >>
- Measles in Afghanistan March 17, 2022There is an outbreak of measles in Afghanistan. Cases have been reported in all provinces, with the highest rates occurring in Paktya, Balkh, Kunduz, Zabul, Kandahar, and Logar.Read More >>
- Measles in Africa March 04, 2022Some countries in Africa are reporting increased numbers of cases (outbreaks) of measles. All travelers to Africa, including infants and pre-school aged children, should be fully vaccinated against measles, according to CDC immunization schedules.Read More >>
- Dengue in Asia and the Pacific Islands February 23, 2022Dengue is a risk in many parts of Asia and the Pacific Islands. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to Asia and the Pacific Islands can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. Read More >>
- Dengue in the Americas December 30, 2021Dengue is a risk in many parts of Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to the Americas can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. Read More >>
- Monkeypox in Nigeria November 30, 2021Travelers to Nigeria should avoid contact with sick people, animals such as rodents (rats, squirrels) and non-human primates (monkeys, chimpanzees), products that come from wild animals (including wild game), and contaminated materials (such as clothing or bedding) used by sick people or animals. Read More >>
- Monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo September 30, 2021There is an ongoing outbreak of monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).Read More >>
- Dengue in Africa and the Middle East September 30, 2021Dengue is a risk in many parts of Africa and the Middle East. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to Africa and the Middle East can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. Read More >>
- XDR Typhoid Fever in Pakistan September 30, 2021An outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever in Pakistan is ongoing. Extensively drug-resistant infections do not respond to most antibiotics. Read More >>
Wisconsin State Law requires the reporting of communicable diseases to the local Health Department. Report notifiable conditions to 414-423-2110. Communicable disease can be reported by individuals, laboratories, or health care professionals. The law requires that public health nurses provide surveillance and investigation to prevent and control the spread of disease. Requirements for the timing of reporting, once the disease or condition is recognized or suspected, vary by disease. General reporting requirements are described in Wisconsin Statute Chapter 252, Communicable Diseases. The specific reporting requirements are described in Chapter DHS 145, Control of Communicable Diseases. A list of reportable conditions is provided in Chapter DHS 145 - Appendix A.
Some reportable diseases include: hepatitis, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), Lyme disease, tuberculosis, food and waterborne outbreaks, and sexually transmitted infections. A Public Health Nurse will contact the individual, family and contacts to provide them with information and counseling about the disease. Public Health Nurses are available to answer questions that residents may have regarding a communicable disease. Fact sheets and pamphlets with information on specific diseases are also available on request.
The prevalence of communicable disease depends upon many environmental factors. For information on a specific communicable disease, please visit one of the following reputable websites: